The Business Analysis Core Concept Model™
March 2, 2020

The Business Analysis Core Concept Model™

By Lau

“A little progress each day adds up to big results. “

– Anonimous
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In this article, we are going to look at The Business Analysis Core Concept Model™. It is a conceptual framework for business analysis that will help you to understand the type of information involved in business analysis tasks. Let’s see what all this is about.

All the information in this article has been taken from the BABOK® Guide. The information has been reorganised, summarized and clarifying descriptions have been added to make it easier for beginners to understand.

The Business Analysis Core Concept Model™ 

The Business Analysis Core Concept Model™ is composed of six terms that have a common meaning to all business analysts. Each of these terms is considered to be a core concept. 

The six core concepts in the BACCM are: 

  1. Change
  2. Need
  3. Solution
  4. Stakeholder
  5. Value
  6. Context

The three main BACCM uses are: 

  1. Describe the profession and domain of business analysis. 
  2. Communicate business analysis with common terminology.
  3. Evaluate the impact of these concepts and relationships at any point during a work effort in order to establish both a foundation and a path forward.

The BACCM Core Concept. 

Change. “The act of transformation in response to a need. Change works to improve the performance of an enterprise. These improvements are deliberate and controlled through business analysis activities.”

Change is the result of the business analyst´s work. A business analyst creates solutions and the implementation of those solutions is the beginning of the change.

Change 🡆 Need

Need. “Problem or opportunity to be addressed. Needs can cause changes by motivating stakeholders to act. Changes can also cause needs by eroding or enhancing the value delivered by existing solutions.”

Needs are the starting point of the business analyst’s job. Stakeholders have needs that contain a series of problems and the business analyst has to solve those problems in order to satisfy the needs.

Stakeholders 🡆  Need ⇆ Change

Solution. “A specific way of satisfying one or more needs in a context. A solution satisfies a need by resolving a problem faced by stakeholders or enabling stakeholders to take advantage of an opportunity.”

Solutions are the result of satisfying stakeholder’s needs. Stakeholders have a problem and the business analyst creates a solution to solve it.

Stakeholder 🡆  Need 🡆 Solution

Stakeholder. “A group or individual with a relationship to the change, the need, or the solution. Stakeholders are often defined in terms of interest in, impact on, and influence over the change. Stakeholders are grouped based on their relationship to the needs, changes and solutions.”

Stakeholders are the people who have the needs or problems that business analysts have to satisfy or solve in order to create change.

Stakeholder 🡆  Need 🡆 Solution 🡆  Change

Value. “The worth, importance, or usefulness of something to a stakeholder within a context. Value can be seen as potential or realized returns, gains, and improvements. It is also possible to have a decrease in value in the form of losses, risks, and costs. Value can be tangible or intangible. Tangible value is directly measurable. Tangible value often has a significant monetary component.”

Value. It is important to make sure the proposed solution, created to satisfy a stakeholder’s need, is actually offering them an added value. 

Context 🡆 Value

Context. “The circumstances that influence, are influenced by, and provide understanding of the change. Changes occur within a context. The context is everything relevant to the change that is within the environment. Context may include attitudes, behaviours, beliefs, competitors, culture, demographics, goals, governments, infrastructure, languages, losses, processes, products, projects, sales, seasons, terminology, technology, weather, and any other element meeting the definition.”

Context is basically the environment in which the solution will be implemented. It is important because the change this solution would offer might not be valid in a different environment than the one it was originally created for. 

Context 🡆 Change

Think about the core concepts as interdependent variables, if any one of them suffers a modification the other variables will be affected.

The Business Analysis Core Concept Model gives us a tool to focus on the stakeholders’ needs through the creation of solutions that have to offer added value in order to enable change within a specific context.

You might also like to read about the BA key terms of business analysis. This will allow you to understand the everyday lingo that business analysts use and that is also used in the BABOK® Guide. 

Don’t forget to download this FREE Digital Book: The Master Strategy for BA Beginners where you will learn how to get your first BA job by following 3 strategic steps.

See you soon. 😉